عنوان مقاله [English]
New approach in dealing with the text caused a great change in understanding and interpretation of all sacred texts. These approaches have encompassed the Islam that is Text-based and these led appearances of new point of views in interpretation of the Quran. One of the theses viewpoints is the literary study of the Qur'an that it has found wide swings with the alteration of the theory and literary criticism. This type of study ignore the revelation in terms of believers, that means being divine that result of this is moving away from understanding the religion faithfully and being its understanding literary. The Current research with descriptive, analytic and critical approach compares the method of understanding the Qur'an from the view of Allameh Tabataba'i and Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd To find and reveal similarities between the views of these two thinkers and differences Because these two thinkers have been in opposition with each other and comparing their views would be helpful for seekers to discover the truth. Results of this study indicate that intellectual principles of these two thinkers, on the principles of understanding the Qur'an is very distant and different from each other. Of course the root of these profound differences is in insight and attitude about both the man and the world and creation of them. The foundation of Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd project is modernization of religious thought through the interpretation. His method of understanding was based on facts beyond the revelation. He tends to focus more on historical understanding through positivist methods. he knows the meaning same with the interpreter and he deny possibility of different interpretations arbitration. also tries to makes interpretation of the Quran common. According to Abu-Zeid hermeneutic principles that arise from the research literary, the religion and the nature of revelation will be challenged. While Allameh Tabatabaie thinks for the correct understanding of the Quran phenomenologically. he picked the methodology of understanding the Qur'an from founder recommendations and depends understanding the Quran on the sacred of man knows. In his view, the meaning, the intention of the author and there is the possibility of arbitration between different interpretations.
In terms of Allameh faith in eternal guidance of the Qur'an, with a certain conception of the world and its creator, is possible. He believes that Faith isn’t in same gender with reason and shouldn’t hope that with guidance of reason human will reach all guidance of prophets and that high degree of faith will be possible with witnesses and the witnesses only is possible by piety and reflection along with guidance prophets also. Also he believes that with pure reason understanding of many truths of the Qur'an couldn’t be achieved something that Abu Zaid is trying to reach it.