عنوان مقاله [English]
The discussion of the human authority and his abuse of the authority are one of the main teachings of Testamaents and so Christian thinker. Of these, Irenaeus and Tertullian –of first church fathers-both regard the human authority as a necessity in the human creation for his achievement of the perfection. But the human doesn’t use his authority correctly and cause his sin. Although Irenaeus attends to the inhibitor concept of sin, sometimes believes in its positive function and regards it as a means of the human experience and the distinction of good and evil. But unlike Irenaeus, Tertullian haven’t believed in this metamorphic concept of sin, and believes that the sin leads to death and the fall of human, like Adam and Even Fall rejected from heaven. unlike Tertullian, Irenaeus regards Adam and Even sin due to their disability in beginning of the creation and interprets their Fall as driving of their arrival to world for being likeness of God, and no obstacle of the perfection path. However, in Irenaeus and Tertullian soteriology, the human authority isn’t enough, but the presence of Father, Son and Spirit is necessary in the salvation and perfection process.